Duba yin la'akari

by / Jumma'a, 25 Maris 2016 / Aka buga a Duba Dubawa

A dubawa injin atomatik ne ko kayan aiki na mutum don bincika nauyin kayan masarufi. Ana samun kullun a ƙarshen ƙarshen a tsari kuma ana amfani dashi don tabbatar da nauyin fakitin kayan masarufi ya kasance a cikin iyakance takamaiman. Duk wani fakitoci waɗanda suke waje da haƙurin haƙuri ana cire su daga layi ta atomatik.

Mai bincike zai iya yin nauyin kayan fiye da 500 a minti daya (gwargwadon girman katun da buƙatun daidaito). Ana iya amfani da wurin dubawa tare da karfe gane da kuma X-rayyoyin inji don ba da damar gano sauran halayen fakitin da kuma aiki bisa ga su.

Na'urar inji ce

Takaitaccen bincike na atomatik ya haɗu da jerin kayan bel. Wadannan wuraren binciken suna kuma an san su da bel weighers, Sikeli a cikin motsi, ma'aunin isar da sako, ma'aunin motsi, da sikeli masu amfani da in-line. A cikin aikace-aikacen filler, an san su da duba sikeli. Yawanci, akwai belts uku ko gadaje sarkar:

  • Rashin bel wanda zai iya canza saurin kunshin kuma ya kawo shi sama ko ƙasa zuwa saurin da ake buƙata don yin awo. Hakanan ana amfani dashi wanda aka rasa a wasu lokuta azaman ma'aunin labarai, wanda ke saita rata tsakanin samfuran zuwa mafi kyawun nesa don auna. Wani lokaci yana da belts na musamman ko sarƙoƙi don sanya samfurin don aunawa.
  • Bel mai nauyi. Yawanci ana ɗaukar wannan akan mai ɗaukar nauyi wanda yakan iya zama sel ɗaukar nauyi ko ma'aunin nauyi (wanda kuma aka sani da ƙarfi-ma'auni), ko wani lokacin da aka sani da tsinkaye. Wasu injunan da suka tsufa na iya dakatar da bel ɗin abin hawa kafin su auna nauyi. Wannan na iyakance saurin layi da kayan sarrafawa.
  • Bel din da aka ƙi wanda ke ba da hanyar cire kunshin haƙurin-haƙuri daga layin dako. Rejectin yarda zai iya bambanta ta aikace-aikace. Wasu suna buƙatar na'urar haɓakar iska don busa ƙananan kayayyaki daga bel, amma aikace-aikace masu nauyi suna buƙatar mai layi ko radial mai aiki. An ƙi wasu samfura masu lahani ta "zubewa" gado don samfurin ya iya zamewa a hankali cikin kwandon shara ko wani mai ɗauka.

Don sikelin madaidaici mai sauri, ƙwayar kaya ta amfani da maidowa da wutar lantarki (EMFR) ya dace. Wannan nau'in tsarin yana cajin ƙwayar inductive, yadda yakamata ya iyo kan gado mai nauyi a cikin filin lantarki. Lokacin da aka ƙara nauyin, motsi na abu mai ƙarfi ta hanyar wannan matattara yana haifar da canji a cikin madaidaicin halin yanzu daidai da nauyin abin. Sauran fasahar da aka yi amfani da su sun haɗa da matakan tabarbarewa da wayoyin salula masu saurin rawar jiki.

Abu ne da aka saba don komputa da aka gina don ɗaukar karatuttukan nauyi masu yawa daga mai canzawa akan lokacin da kunshin yake akan gado mai nauyi don tabbatar da ingantaccen karatun.

Kusani yana da mahimmanci. Matsakaicin dakin gwaje-gwaje, wanda yawanci ke cikin matattarar ɗakuna wanda aka matsa shi tare da bushewar nitrogen (ana matsa shi a matakin teku) na iya ɗaukar abu a cikin ƙari ko a rage 100 na gram, amma matsi na iska shine matattara. Wannan kai tsaye ne lokacin da babu motsi, amma cikin motsi akwai wani abin da ba a bayyane ba - hayaniya ne daga motsi mai ɗamara mai ƙarfi, girgizawa, sanyaya iska ko sanyaya abin da zai iya haifar da zane. Quearna a kan ƙwayar ɗumbin ƙwayar cuta yana haifar da karantawar kuskure.

Mai dubawa, mai motsi a cikin motsi yana daukar samfuran, kuma yana nazarin su don samarda madaidaicin nauyi akan wani lokaci. A mafi yawan lokuta, akwai abin jawowa daga na'urar gani (ko ultrasonic) don siginar wucewar kunshin. Da zarar abun ya kunna wuta, akwai jinkiri da aka saita don ba da damar kunshin ya matsa zuwa “wuri mai dadi” (tsakiya) na gado mai auna don ɗaukar nauyin. An ɗau nauyin nauyin don tsawon lokacin da aka bayar. Idan ɗayan waɗannan lokutan ba daidai bane, nauyi zai yi kuskure. Da alama babu wata hanyar kimiyya da zata hango wadannan lokutan. Wasu tsarin suna da fasalin “graphing” don yin wannan, amma gabaɗaya ya fi dacewa da ƙwarewar hanyar da ke aiki mafi kyau.

  • Mai aikawa don aikawa don ba da damar cire kayan haƙuri na haƙurin cirewa daga yanayin al'ada yayin da har yanzu ke motsawa a gudu na ɗaukar kaya. Hanyar ƙi na iya zama ɗayan nau'ikan da yawa. Daga cikin waɗannan akwai mai sauƙin huhun huhun turawa don tura buƙatun shirya ta gefen bel, ƙwanƙwasa hannun don share fakitin a gefe da ƙin bel ɗin da ke ragewa ko ɗagawa don jujjuya fakitin a tsaye. Shafin bincike na yau da kullun yana da kwaro don tara fakitoci na haƙuri-haƙuri. Wasu lokuta ana bayar da waɗannan kwano tare da kullewa, don hana daga abubuwan ƙayyadaddun abubuwan da aka ciyar da su akan bel ɗin jigilar kaya.

Hanyar haƙuri

Akwai da dama haƙuri hanyoyi:

  • Tsarin gargajiya "mafi ƙarancin nauyi" inda aka ƙi nauyi a ƙasa da nauyin da aka ƙayyade. A al'ada mafi ƙarancin nauyi shine nauyin da aka buga akan fakiti ko matakin nauyi wanda ya wuce wannan don ba da damar asarar nauyi bayan samarwa kamar ƙarancin kayayyakin da ke da yanayin danshi. Manyan kamfanoni masu sayar da kayayyaki sun ba da umarnin cewa duk wani kayan da aka kawo su da su yi bincike na nauyi daidai kamar yadda kwastoma zai iya samun tabbacin cewa suna samun adadin kayan da suka biya. Waɗannan 'yan kasuwar suna cajin kuɗi mai yawa don fakitin cika su ba daidai ba.
  • The Tsarin Weight na Turai wanda ke bin ƙa'idodin dokoki guda uku da aka sani da "Dokokin Masu Fadawa"
  • Sauran aka buga nagartacce da ka'idoji kamar littafin Jagora na NIST 133

data Collection

Hakanan akwai buƙata a ƙarƙashin Tsarin Weight Weight na Turai wanda bayanan da aka tattara ta wuraren binciken suna ajiyar abubuwa kuma yana samuwa don bincika. Yawancin wuraren bincike na zamani suna sanye da tasoshin sadarwa don ba da damar ainihin ma'aunin fakiti da bayanan da aka samo don aikawa zuwa kwamfutar da take. Hakanan ana iya amfani da wannan bayanan don ba da damar sarrafa bayanan da ke ba da izinin sarrafa abubuwa don zama mai kyau-saka idanu da aikin samarwa da kulawa.

Masu binciken da aka sanye su da babban saurin sadarwa kamar tashar jiragen ruwa ta Ethernet suna da ikon haɗa kansu cikin rukunin ƙungiyoyi waɗanda za a iya la'akari da rukuni na layin samarwa wanda ke samar da samfuri iri ɗaya a matsayin layi ɗaya na samarwa don dalilai na sarrafa nauyi. Misali, layi wanda ke gudana tare da matsakaicin matsakaicin nauyi za'a iya haɗa shi da wani wanda yake gudana tare da matsakaicin matsakaici mai nauyin gaske wanda haɗin layi biyu zai kasance har yanzu yana bin ƙa'idodi.

Madadin shine don shirya mai dubawa don bincika ƙungiyoyi na jure nauyin nauyi. Misali, jimla mai nauyin gaske gram 100 grams 15 gram. Wannan yana nufin cewa samfurin na iya auna nauyin 85 g - 115 g. Koyaya, a bayyane yake cewa idan kuna samar da fakiti 10,000 a rana, kuma yawancin kayanku 110 g ne, kuna rasa samfurin kilogiram 100. Idan kayi ƙoƙarin gudu kusa da 85 g, ƙila ka sami yawan ƙin yarda.

MISALI: Ana shirya ma'aunin bincike don nuna yankuna 5 tare da ƙuduri zuwa 1 g:

  1. A Rearce…. samfurin yana da nauyin 84.9 ko ƙasa da haka
  2. Karkashin OK …… .. samfurin yayi nauyi 85 g, amma ƙasa da 95 g
  3. Inganci ……… .. samfurin yayi nauyi 96 g, amma ƙasa da 105 g
  4. Sama da ……… samfurin yakai 105 g, kuma ƙasa da 114 g
  5. Fiye da Amincewa… .. samfurin yayi nauyi a kan iyakar 115 g

Tare da yin bincike na weigher wanda aka tsara azaman sashin binciken yanki, tarin bayanai akan hanyoyin sadarwa, da kuma ƙididdiga na gida, na iya nuna buƙatar bincika saitunan akan kayan aikin sama don mafi kyawun sarrafawa cikin shigarwar. A wasu halaye masu daidaitaccen yanayi suna aika da siginar zuwa filler, alal misali, a cikin ainihin-lokaci, yana sarrafa ainihin kwararar zuwa cikin ganga, can, jaka, da dai sauransu A yawancin halaye masu binciken suna da itacen-haske tare da fitilu daban-daban don nuna bambancin nauyin yankin kowane samfurin.

Ana iya amfani da wannan bayanan don ƙayyade idan matsala ta kasance tare da cikewar sama, ko marufi, inji. Mai duba kuɗi na iya aika sigina zuwa injin don ƙara ko rage adadin da aka saka a cikin fakiti. Wannan na iya haifar da biyan da aka alakanta da mai binciken tunda masu kera za su iya sarrafa adadin bayarwa. Dubi binciken harka mafi girma wanda ke bayyana naman shanu da tanadin marufi.

Aikace-aikacen aikace-aikace

Saurin da daidaito wanda mai saurin binciken zai iya samu yadace da mai zuwa:

  • Tsayin fakiti
  • Shirya nauyi
  • Saurin layin da ake bukata
  • Shirya abun ciki (m ko ruwa)
  • Fasahar Mota
  • Lokacin daidaitawa na mai canzawa
  • Hawan iska yana haifar da karatun a cikin kuskure
  • Ibararraki daga kayan da ke haifar da ƙin karɓuwa
  • M hankali zuwa zazzabi, kamar yadda sel nauyin iya zama mai zafin jiki m

Aikace-aikace

Sikirin Cikin Motsa jiki sune injunan motsa jiki waɗanda za'a iya tsara su don aiwatar da dubban ayyuka. Ana amfani da wasu azaman ƙayyadaddun akwatina masu ƙarancin ƙarfi a ƙarshen layin jigilar kayayyaki don tabbatar da cewa samfurin kunshin da aka gama yana cikin nauyin sa.

An cikin motsi jigilar kaya Ana iya amfani da kulle-bincike don gano ɓoyayyen kayan kitso, kamar fakitin wayar da aka rasa mai jagorar, ko wasu abubuwan haɗin kai. Ana amfani da kayan duba yawanci akan sarkar masu shigo da kaya, da kuma kayan aikin da aka shirya na farko jigilar kaya sarkar a cikin wuraren sarrafa kaji. An auna tsuntsu lokacin da ya hau kan jigilar kaya, sannan bayan sarrafawa da wankewa a karshen, kwamfutar sadarwar za ta iya tantance ko tsuntsu ya sha ruwa mai yawa, wanda kamar yadda aka kara sarrafa shi, za a zana shi, yana sanya tsuntsu a karkashin nauyin sa.

Babban saurin gaske jigilar kaya za a iya amfani da sikeli don sauya saurin, ko farar kayayyakin a kan layin ta hanyar yin sauri, ko rage saurin samfur don sauya tazara tsakanin fakitoci kafin a kai ga wani saurin gudu zuwa cikin injin dako wanda ke dambe da fakiti da yawa a cikin akwati. “Farar” shine auna samfurin yayin da ya sauko layin masu dako daga gefen gaba zuwa gefen gaba.

Ana iya amfani da mai bincike don ƙididdigar fakitoci, da kuma jimillar (jimillar) nauyin akwatunan da za su hau kan ƙaramin kaya don jigilar kaya, gami da ikon karanta kowane nauyin kunshin da girman cubic. Kwamfutar mai sarrafawa na iya buga lambar jigilar kaya da lambar lambar-mashaya don gano nauyi, girman ma'aunin cubic, aikawa zuwa adireshin, da sauran bayanai don ID ɗin injina ta hanyar jigilar samfurin. Mai dubawa na karbar kaya zai iya karanta lakabin tare da sikanin lambar mashaya, kuma ya tantance idan jigilar ta kasance kamar yadda take kafin mai jigilar jigilar kaya ta karbe ta daga tashar dakon mai jigilar kaya, da kuma tantance ko akwatin ya bata, ko kuma an sanya wani abu karye a hanya

Hakanan ana amfani da kayan dubawa don Gudanarwa mai kyau. Misali, kayan masarufi da ke amfani da kayan aiki ana auna su ne kafin a fara aikin, kuma bayan aikin, mai sa ido na ingancin yana tsammanin an cire wani adadin ƙarfe a cikin aikin gamawa. Abubuwan da aka gama dasu suna cikin dubawa, kuma abubuwan da suke dauke da nauyi ko kuma nauyinda akayi musu saboda binciken jiki ne. Wannan fa'idodi ne ga mai binciken, tunda yana iya samun babban tabbacin cewa wadanda ba a karba ba suna cikin haquri. Abinda aka saba amfani dashi shine don ɓoye ƙananan filastik irin wannan kwalban da aka yi amfani da shi don cakuda sabulu don saduwa da waɗannan buƙatun na ƙarar da aka gama.

Gudanarwa mai kyau na iya amfani da injin bincike Gwajin mara kyau don tabbatar da gama kayan ta amfani da na kowa Hanyoyin kimantawa don gano ɓatattun ɓata daga samfurin “gama”, kamar su maiko daga ɗauka, ko abin nadi da ya ɓace a cikin gidan.

Za a iya gina masu dubawa tare da injunan gano ƙarfe, injunan x-ray, gano-buɗe-ɓoyi, sikanin mashaya-lambobi, sikanin holograf, na'urori masu auna zafin jiki, masu duba hangen nesa, sukurorin lokaci don saita lokaci da tazara tsakanin samfurin, ƙididdigar ƙofofi da hanyoyin jan hankali zuwa layi theara samfurin a cikin yankin da aka keɓe a kan dako. Mai duba motsi na masana'antu na iya rarraba samfuran daga ƙananan gram zuwa kilogram da yawa, da yawa. A cikin sassan Ingilishi, wannan shine daga ƙasa da 100 na oza zuwa kusan lbs 500 ko fiye. Wewararrun masu duba kuɗi na iya auna jiragen kasuwanci, har ma su sami tsakiyar-ƙarfin su.

Masu dubawa na iya aiki da sauri sosai, kayayyakin sarrafawa wadanda suke da nauyin giram a sama da 100m / m (mita a minti daya) da kuma kayan aiki kamar magunguna da buhunan kayan lb 200 na sama da 100fpm (ƙafa a minti daya). Ana iya tsara su a siffofi da girma dabam-dabam, rataye su daga rufi, ɗaga kan mezzanines, sarrafa su a cikin murhu ko a cikin firiji. Matsakaicinsu na isar da sako na iya zama bel na masana'antu, ƙarancin belin bel, sarƙoƙi kama da sarƙoƙin keke (amma ƙarami sosai), ko bel ɗin sarkar da aka haɗu da kowane faɗi. Zasu iya samun bel na sarkar da aka yi da kayan musamman, polymer daban-daban, karafa, da dai sauransu.

Ana amfani da masu bincike a wuraren tsaftace muhalli, da yanayin yanayi mai bushe, muhallin muhalli, samar da rumbuna, sarrafa abinci, sarrafa magunguna, da dai sauransu. Yawanci, ana duba kayan masarufi ne da karafa, kuma wanda za'a tsaftace shi da sinadarai masu kauri, kamar su bilki, za'a yi shi da dukkan bangarorin bakin karfe, har ma da Load cells. Waɗannan injunan ana musu alama da "cikakken wanki", kuma dole ne su sami kowane bangare da ɓangaren da aka kayyade don tsira da yanayin wankin.

Checkweighers ana aiki da su a wasu aikace-aikacen don tsawan lokaci mai tsawo - 24/7 zagaye na shekara. Gabaɗaya, ba a tsayar da layin ɗaukar kaya sai dai idan akwai buƙatar tabbatarwa, ko akwai mashigar gaggawa, ana kiranta E-tasha. Masu binciken dake aiki a cikin layin jigilar kayayyaki masu yawa suna iya samun kayan aiki na musamman da yawa a cikin ƙirar su don tabbatar da cewa idan aka dakatar da E-Stop, za a cire duk ƙarfin da yake tafiya akan dukkan injin har sai an share-tsaren E-Stop ya sake saitawa.


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